0755-22183907
家教服务时间:08:00-22:00
一对一辅导
家教上门执教
资质审查把关
客服售后跟进

高考阅读理解细节题解题方法

浏览:197  来源:深圳家教网广深家教  日期:2019-05-05

高考阅读理解细节题解题方法

1关键词原文定位法:从选项(题干、题支入手、题文一致原则),寻找原文的语言重现。

 

2.排除法确认答案:

A说法过于绝对的选项一般不是答案。

B有些选项与原文的陈述十分相像,但有改动,偷换概念。

C虽符合常理但与文章内容无关的选项一般不是答案。

D把文章中A的特点加在B身上,张冠李戴。

 

3.正确答案特征判定法8原则
1)选具有独立意识的,贴近生活的选项

67. What is the popular images of teenagers today?

A. They worry about school   B. They dislike living with their parents

C. They have to be locked in to avoid troubles   D. They quarrel a lot with other family members

 

41. According to the passage, collecting antique clocks____.(07)

A.can hardly keep the value of your savings

B.will cost much of your savings

C.may increase your wealth

D.needs your bravery

 

2)符合社会主义精神文明建设,构建和谐社会的选项。

71. What is the passage mainly about?

A. Negotiation in family        B. Education in family

C. Harmony in family           D. Teenage trouble in family

 

68. The study shows that teenagers don’t want to ___

A. share family responsibility    B. cause trouble in their families
C. go boating with their family   D. make family decisions

 

3)符合中庸理念(选项中有不十分肯定的语气词一般是正确答案项): can, could, may, should, usually, might, most(大多数),more or less, relatively, be likely to, possible, whether or, not necessarily 等。

70. According to the authour, teenage rebellion____.(07年)

A. may be a false belief(不十分肯定的词)B. is common nowadays

C. existed only in the 1960s(有绝对词)D. resulted from changes in families

5.According to the passage the problems of college education partly arise from the fact that ——.  A. society can't provide enough jobs for properly trained college
graduates
B. high school graduates do not fit the pattern of college
education?
C. too many students have to earn their own living
D. college administrators encourage students to drop out (分析:答案项C中有have to, 语气太绝对化,故被排除。而A项中can't 的语气则不十分绝对化,故为答案。)

 

4)作者口吻一定很成熟,不会用绝对词(must, always, never, the most, all, only, have to, any, no, very,completely, none, hardly)等。

70. According to the authour, teenage rebellion____.(07年)

A. may be a false belief

B. is common nowadays

C. existed only in the 1960s(有绝对词)

D. resulted from changes in families

5.One of the great changes brought about by the knowledge society is that _____ .( 08全国 )
A. the difference between the employee and the employer has become
insignificant.
B. people's traditional concepts about work no longer hold true.
C. most people have to take part-time jobs.
D. people have to change their jobs from time to time.
(分析:四个选项中,C、D两项中都含有"have to",语气太绝对化,一般被排除。考生在剩下两项中进行选择,就大大降低了难度。)

 

5)两个相同必不选;两个相似有可能;两个相反一定选一个

49. How will we feel if we let the clerk know her mistake?(07)

A. We'll be very excited.         B. We'll feel unfortunate.

C. We'll have a sense of honor.    D. We'll feel sorry for the clerk.

 

6)出现中文注解常出题

They’re expected to be rebellious(叛逆的) and selfish but actually they have other things on their minds;they want a car and material goods, and they worry about whether school is serving them well.

70. According to the authour, teenage rebellion____.

A. may be a false belief        B. is common nowadays

C. existed only in the 1960s    D. resulted from changes in families

 

7)目的看深不看浅

42 what a being from another planet might report back about our way of life. Men can do nothing without its permission, and it fastens its young round people's wrists so that everywhere men go they are still under its control.

 

 

42. By quoting (引用) the remark of a being from another planet, the author intends to____.

A. suggest human beings are controlled by a clock

B. describe why clocks can rule the planet Earth

C. tell readers what clocks look like

D. compare chicks to human beings

 


8)选项中表达意义较具体的、肤浅的(字面意思)一般不是答案项,而概括性的、抽象的、含义深刻的是答案项。
53. What did Napoleon expect the Russian representative to do?(08)

   A. To walk out of the room in anger.

   B. To show agreement with him.

   C. To say something about the Tsar.

   D. To express his admiration.

 

又例(1)The population in the 21st century, according to the writer .
A. will be smaller than a few years ago
B. will not be as small as people expect
C. will prove to be a threat to the world
D. will not constitute as serious a problem as expected
(分析:选项A、B中都有small一词,该词在文中出现过,因而总觉肤浅,是字面之意。C项明显与文章不符,而D项表达的意义比small要深刻得多。)

 

 

 

 

4.考点笔记定位法

A逻辑关系词(因果、方式、并列,转折,对比,例证等)做笔记可以确定文章脉络,把握作者观点,解答相关阅读题(是重点出题处)

并列/递进   

 

让步       

次序(列举)       

解释       

因果

 

举例  

总结

 

比较(比喻)/对比

 

 

   

and, too, also, moreover, in addition, furthermore, next, besides, further, in particular; even more important; still; what’s more ;indeed

of course, naturally, it is true that, certainly

first, second, third, then, meanwhile, eventually

in other words, that is, namely

thus, therefore, because, so that, in order to, due to this, as a consequence,     consequently, so, hence, as a result; for this reason; hence; accordingly

for example, for instance, such as, a case in point is---

in conclusion, in summary, to sum up, in short, in a word; on the whole; in brief; in a word; all in all; generally speaking

similarly, likewise, like, unlike, in comparison, in contrast, on the contrary, on the other hand, although, even though, yet, but however, regardless of, despite, in spite of; nevertheless; as a matter of fact; no doubt

 

真题演练:

A转折处:作者在文章中经常用but, yet, however, though 等来连接前后的句子。作者用这类转折语气的连接词向读者传达的信息重点是在but等词后面的句子中。这也是细节题的命题重点之一

Eg:The issue here is not the accuracy of Tolstoy’s description ---- it seems not that far off from historical accounts ---- but his choice of facts:(08-c)

51. Tolstoy’s description of Napoleon in War and Peace is ______.

   A. far from the historical facts

   B. based on the Russian history

   C. based on his selection of facts

   D. not related to historical details

 

B注解处:Napoleon receives a representative from the Tsar(沙皇), who has come with peace terms. Napoleon is very angry: doesn’t he have more army? He, not the Tsar, is the one to make the terms. He will destroy all of Europe if this army is stopped.(08)

52. Napoleon was angry when receiving the Russian representative because ______.

   A. he thought he should be the one to make the peace terms

   B. the Tsar’s peace terms were hard to accept

   C. the Russians stopped his military movement

   D. he didn’t have any more army of fight with

 

C因果关系处

51 people don't (or can't) seek care(前果后因)for it is not unusual for a family earning less than two hundred dollars a year to spend a quarter of its income on malaria treatment, and what they often get no longer works.

51. According to paragraph 1, many people don't seek care because___.

they are too poor

it is unusual to seek care

they can remain unaffected for long

there are too many people suffering from the disease


D举例子打比喻处
为了使自己的观点更有说服力、更加明确,作者经常用具体的例子打比方,句中常由as, such as, for example, for instance等引导的短语或句子作为举例句,这些例句或比喻成为命题者提问的焦点。
eg. The opinion seems ridiculous because, for one thing, computers lack the drives and emotions of living creatures. But drives can be programmed into the computer's brain just as nature programmed them into our human brains as a part of the equipment for survival.
1Today, computers are still inferior to man in terms of ______ .
(A) decision making (B)drives and feelings
(C)growth of reasoning (D)information absorption
(分析:选B项。细节事实题,依据文章我们知道计算机缺少人类所具有的动机和情感:computers lack the drives and emotions of living creatures,至于动机可以被编入计算机程序,那是今后的事,就目前而言计算机在动机和情感方面不如人类。选项B符合题意。考生只要注意到for one thing 后面一句话,即可选出。)

E末段段尾处

54Successful alternatives that help prevent resistance are already available, but they have been in short supply and are very expensive. If these drugs should fail, nobody knows what would come next.(07)

54. It can be inferred from the passage that___.

A.no drugs have been found to treat the disease

B.the alternative treatment is not easily available to most people

C.malaria has developed its ability to resist parasites

D.nobody knows what will be the drug to treat the disease

 

 

官方微信公众号
家教服务热线请优秀家教老师,从一个电话开始…
0755-22183907
13632816488
广深家教APP下载
公司简介
更多介绍
   深圳广深家教网隶属深圳天元北极星文化发展有限公司旗下一家专业的深圳家教网站。本站成立于2009年,已经九年历史,是深圳上门家教第一品牌。线上注册及线下登记近20000名深圳家教老师。本站专注深圳上门家教,服务深圳六大区,提供深圳近百所学校各科优秀深圳上门家教老师及985、211院校毕业的优秀大学生,帮助学员短时高效提升学习成绩;所安排的每一位深圳上门家教老师,都必须经过深圳家教网站工作人员严格认证和考核,确保教学质量,在深圳家教业界享有良好的声誉和口碑。找深圳罗湖上门家教老师、福田上门家教老师、龙岗上门家教老师、南山上门家教老师、宝安上门家教老师等可直接致电本站,24小时安排到家。
深圳市天元北极星文化发展有限公司 2019 版权所有 盗版必究 ICP许可证:粤ICP备09101687号