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英语教师备课的几点感悟

浏览:656  来源:深圳家教网广深家教  日期:2019-05-05

1.教师上课的三个基本要求:3E(effective/easy/easy-going)

2.教师要达到的境界

A)手中有剑,心中有剑;这就要求老师们对于考试有一个基本的认识从而进行正确的判断。要求我们能做到考点在我们的心中,考题在学生的手中!(考点-判断方法-解题方法-常见问题)

B)手中无剑,心中有剑; 备课如果能够“忘物”称之为:手中无剑,心中有剑(要求新老师对于考试的体系相当熟悉从而使上课犹如行云流水、自然而然)

 

3.教师的四个层次:四流讲知识,三流讲方法,二流讲风格,一流讲精神。

Eg:解析:为什么一流教师讲精神?举个例子,如果我们把刘翔领到操场中间,不告诉他终点在那个方向,然后还要他再一次追平世界记录,这显然是《谍中谍》(Mission Impossible)。当然,有的老师可能会说:“只要找到跨栏的栏杆,然后一直跑下去就是终点了。”可是大家也必须明白,栏杆的方向并不一定是终点的方向。我之所以举这个例子,只是想做这样一系列有趣的比较:刘翔好比是我们有实力的新老师,栏杆好比是我们的教学方法,而终点好比是教学精神。一个老师,即使实力再强、方法再好,如果没有精神,那么就不可能成为一等一的优秀教师!正如一代伟人毛泽东主席所说,“人,是要有一点精神的!”

 

 

如何备课

1了解所讲解课程需要备课的基本情况

A.题型考点分类; 1)阅读题,即细节题,推理题,词汇题,主旨题;2)语法填空:实词题(给出词的形式填空),虚词题(上下文的逻辑关系),从句引导词选用题;

3)完型填空题,即名词题,动词题,形容词题,副词题;4)作文题,即小作文,大作文

  B.数据统计-得出规律;(普遍性,60%以上普遍性);

  C.判断方法:解释说明:(1)语法填空中的谓语与非谓语题如何判定?

(2)介词题如何判定?

  D.解题方法;(1)完型填空的解题方法总结为:一个中心,两个基本点,三项基本原则;2)阅读的做题方法总结为:一个前提,两个步骤,三个方法,四种题型,五个特征,六个建议3)作文的解题套路总结为小作文三步走;作文造句四部曲;作文亮点升华五原则;十大闪光点,十大理由句型加词汇,大作文最后一句必用句型等;

E.真题讲解验证

F.归纳总结

 

2.备课的“四项基本原则

a有效性:授课内容对于应对考试切实有效;

b逻辑性:也就是解题思路前后一致;

c系统性,也就是知识结构自成体系;

d速记性,也就是笔记内容通俗易懂;

  

3.备课的总原则及如何设计课程:归纳起来就是两句话:从面到线,从线到点。1)即首先把你所有要讲的内容,所要讲的题目,所要讲的笑料都分配到你那几堂课中去,先想好每一堂课当中总体上要讲的内容。2)从线到点的过程。所以一个较为认真的备课过程完成后,你的课程应该是一个有机的逻辑系统,而绝对不是想到哪里就讲到哪里的杂乱无章的元素的堆砌。

设计课堂体系的经典案例

完型的备课思路:分根据学生层次及完型所占分数分:1.4分技巧;2.4-7分技巧;3.7分以上技巧(注意,分类要尽量少于4类)

1.4分技巧包括:1)红花绿叶原则:a红花必选词+真题分析b绿叶必不选词;2)答案分布概率原则:a答案统计;b分析规律;3)总结

2. 4-7分技巧包括:1)同义原则:解释+真题解释;2)逻辑关系原则:a定义;b类型;c内容:对立-因果-并列-总分-递进;3)复现推理原则(定义+内容+真题验证);4)表语原则;5)杀熟原则。

   课程回顾)

3. 7分以上技巧:实词原则:1)动词题;2)名词题;3)形容词题;4)副词题

解题方法+真题验证+考点总结

 

真题演练

一语法填空

考点分类;判定方法;解题方法

Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used in Chinese people’ daily life.___31_ these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop ___32___ (help) it grow”, is based on the following story.

It is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty(960-1279) was very anxious to help __33___ rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking about ___34__ day and night. But the crop was growing much slower than he expected.

One day, he came up with an idea __35___ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day.

He was very tired __36__ doing this for a whole day, __37__ he felt very happy since the crop did "grow" __38__ (high).

His son heard about this and went to see the crop. Unfortunately the leaves of the crop began to wither.

This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their __39__ (nature) course. Being too anxious to help an event develop often __40__ (result) in the contrary to our intention.

 

1)谓语与非谓语的判定方法及解题方法

1.The sun was setting when my car 31   (break) down near a remote and poor village.

 

2.While she was getting me   34   (settle) into a tiny but clean room, the head of the village was tying up his horse to pull my car to a small town

 

3.For example, the proverb, “plucking up a crop ___32___ (help) it grow”, is based on the following story.

4.Being too anxious to help an event develop often __40__ (result) in the contrary to our intention.

5.people stepped on your feet or   34(push)you with their elbows(肘部),  35(hurry) ahead to get to a bargain.

6.“Your father has at last decided to stop smoking,” Jane _40_ (inform).

 

7.After a four-day journey,the young man__33__.(present) the water to the old man.

 

8.He spit it out, __37___(say) it was awful.

 

二.完型填空

考点分类

解题方法,套路:一个中心,两个基本点,三个解题方法。

Tales of the supernatural are common in all parts of Britain. In particular, there was (and perhaps still is)a belief in fairies(仙女).Not all of these ___21____ are the friendly, people-loving characters that appear in Disney films, and in some folktales they are ___22____

and cause much human suffering. This is true in the tales about the Changeling. These tell the story of a mother whose baby grows __23____ and pale and has changed so much that it is almost __24___ to the parents. It was then ___25_ that the fairies had come and stolen the baby away and __26__ the human baby with a fairy Changeling. There were many ways to prevent this from happening: hanging a knife over the baby’s head while he slept or covering him with some of his father’s clothes were just two of the recommended _27____.However, hope was not lost even if the baby had been __28__. In those cases there was often a way to get the __29__ baby back.. You could __30__ the Changeling on the fire—then it would rise up the chimney, and you would hear the sound of fairies’laughter and soon after you would find your own child safe and sound nearby.

21. A. babies  B. believes  C. fairies  D. supermen

22. A. powerful B. cruel  C. frightened  D. extraordinary

23. A. sick   B. slim  C. short D. small

24. A. uncomfortable B. unbelievable C. unacceptable  D. unrecognizable

25. A.feared  B. predicted  C. heard  D. reported

26. A. covered B. changed  C. replaced  D. terrified

27. A. cases  B. tools  C. steps D.methods

28. A. missed B. stolen C. found D. lost

29 A. little B. pale C. sad D. real

30. A. seize B. burn C. place D. hold

 

三.阅读理解

考点分类-判断方法-解题方法

Lisa was running late. Lisa,25,had a lot to do at work,plus visitors on the way: her parents were coming in for Thanksgiving from her hometown. But as she hurried down the subway stairs, she started to feel uncomfortably warln. By the time she got to the platform,Lisa felt weak and tired--maybe it hadn’t been a good idea to give blood the night before,she thought. She rested herself against a post close to the tracks.

Several yards away,Frank,43,and his girlfriend,Jennifer,found a spot close to where the front of the train would stop. They were deep in discussion about a house they were thinking of buying.

But when he heard the scream,followed by someone yelling,“Oh,my God,she fell in!” Frank didn’t hesitate. He jumped down to the tracks and ran some 40 feet toward the body lying on the rails. “No! Not you! ”his girlfriend screamed after him.

She was right to be alarmed. By the time Frank reached Lisa,he could feel the tracks shaking and see the light coming. The train was about 20 seconds from the station.

It was hard to lift her. She was just out. But he managed to raise her the four feet to the platform so that bystanders could hold her by the grins and drag her away from the edge. That was where Lisa briefly regained consciousness,felt herself being pulled along the ground,and saw someone else holding her purse.

Lisa thought she’d been robbed. A woman held her hand and a man gave his shirt to help stop the blood pouring from her head. And she tried to talk but she couldn’t,and that was when she realized how much pain she was in.

Police and fire officials soon arrived,and Frank told the story to an officer. Jennifer said her boyfriend was calm on their 40一minute train ride downtown—just as he had been seconds after the rescue,which made her think about her reaction at the time. “I saw the train coming and 1 was thinking he was going to die,”she explained.

41. What was the most probable cause for Lisa’s weakness?

A. She had run a long way. B. She felt hot in the subway.

C. She had done a 1ot of work. D. She had donated blood the night before.

42. Why did Jennifer try to stop her boyfriend?

A. Because they would miss their train. B. Because he didn’t see the train coming.

C. Because she was sure Lisa was hard to lift. D. Because she was afraid the train would kill him.

43. How did Frank save Lisa?

A. By lifting her to the platform. B. By helping her rise to her feet.

C. By pulling her along the ground. D. By dragging her away from the edge.

44. When did Lisa become conscious again?

A. When the train was leaving. B. After she was back on the platform.

C. After the police and fire officials came. D. When a man was cleaning the blood from her head.

45. The passage is intended to _____________

A. warn us of the danger in the subwayB. show US how to save people in the subway

C. tell US about a subway rescueD. report a traffic accident

 

1 判断方法:

①特点:A题干中明确提到的时间、地点、人物、事物等细节信息;B题干和选项之间是因果关系);C题干有条件、步骤、方法、手段等信息;

②细节题常见两种提问方式:第一,完整的问句形式(5“W”+1“H”) what, which, where, who, when, how;第二,不完整的陈述句: 常用的引出问题的词或词组有from, because of, by, according to 等

③主旨题、词汇题、推理题与细节题的区别判定法:主旨题(标志:purpose 、mainly about, mainly discuss, the best title,is intended to );推理题(标志:be inferred from ,learn, infer, imply, inform等);词汇题(问词或词组);其他一般是细节题

 

四.写作

1.基础写作 (共1小题,满分15分)

你很荣幸地成为2008北京奥运会的一名志愿者,负责编写奥运比赛项目的英语介绍。

[写作内容]

请根据以下中文提纲,编写射击项目的英语介绍:

背景:射击最初只是生存工具,19世纪末才发展成为一项体育运动。

1896:第一次成为奥运项目

1904:中断

1928:中断

1932:重回奥运会

1968:第一次允许妇女参加奥运射击比赛

现状:稳步发展,1896奥运会只有三项射击项目,现今有17项。

[写作要求]

只能使用5个句子表达全部内容

[评分标准]

句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

1)题情分析:第一题:基础写作:本年基础写作内容是为“奥运射击”比赛项目写一篇英语先容,题目已列举出全部信息点,要求考生用5个句子表达全部内容。此题创造性作文,切忌天马行空画蛇添足狗尾续貂它重点考查重要信息的完整性,句子结构的准确性和篇和章结构的连贯性。   

 

2)行文构思: 

 

 

 

小作文三部走:

1)信息分组:题目一共给出了7大信息要端,用七个句子写显然不切合要求。仔细分析咱们可以将其信息点很天然地分成五组:a)射击的配景;b)1968成为奥运项目;c)两年的中断与1932年重回奥运会;d)首届裙钗到场射击比赛;e)现状先容。如此一来,五句话作文的雏形基本呈现, 这对完成此项写作任务具备举足轻重的意义。

2)写对句子+句式变化:分组然后,每组信息通过啥子样的句式结构串联就显得特别重要,由于这一环节展现的是考生的组句能力。切忌五个句子都用俗套的主-谓-宾结构, 咱们不妨将“最初作为生存的工具”这一名词短语作第一句主语的同位语: “Shooting, originally a tool for people to survive in the world, was developed into…x”第二句以分词段语开头: “became as an Olympic program in 16,it…x” 第三句为简略句可以直接写;第四句可以用强调句对时间 “1968年”加以强调: “It was in the year 1968 that …x”最后一句,用with结构对前面内容补充说明: “Now it grows to have 19 items, with just 3 ones at Olympic Games in 16x”云云构思就能确保信息完整,表达准确日文气贯通。

3)亮点升华五原则:

 起源于一种生存手段的射击运动在19世纪末变成了一项体育运动。

 

任务写作

1. 以约30个词概括这段短文的内容;

2. 然后以约120个词就“该不该禁止游客和动物拍照”进行议论,内容包括:

(1)人们在参观动物园时为什么喜欢和动物拍照;

(2)假如你处在那些动物的处境,你会有什么反应;

(3)你认为是否应该禁止游客和动物拍照。

1.得分提点:

1)写好每段落主题句。正题句也即为提纲翻译,最好是一个简略句,由于简略句急促有力。

2)变化性的展开文段。写完主题句后,可以选择不同的方式展开文段。譬如,第一段通过举例论证:

3)对主题句充分论证。一定要用到我们学过的比较经典的结构,句型来造句。

 

 

 

 

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